Birds have many different qualities that make them an ideal pet. Some species make great companions and model first pets, teaching both responsibility and caretaking. Other types are very high-maintenance and require careful grooming, meticulous handling, and special diets. When choosing a bird, it is important to research the types that interest you prior to taking a trip to the pet store; doing so will protect your future pet’s long-term well-being and your peace-of-mind.

Choosing a bird

You want to choose the bird that is right for your lifestyle and fulfills what you want from a pet. You may also want to consider a bird’s lifespan before making your purchasing decision, which can range from twenty-five to over one hundred years! The following is a list of various birds and the personalities they offer: 

  • Canaries – one of the most popular pet birds. Very vocal and bright in color. Female canaries don’t sing, while males are very vocal. Great bird for someone new to bird ownership, because they are less maintenance than other birds. 
  • Finches – prefers not to be handled too much. Very lively. Enjoy the company of other finches within the same enclosure. Flutter around and do not climb around their cage. If too many are in a single enclosure, fights may break out. 
  • Parakeets – initially very timid, but form a very close bond with their pet owner when carefully handled and attended to. Must be given consistent and respectful handling. 
  • Cockatiels – a popular pet bird. Very loving and desire a lot of attention and handling. With a patient owner, they can learn to talk. 
  • Conures - these pretty little parrots are energetic and entertaining. With proper socialization and handling, they can become sweet, snuggly birds. They require a lot of attention and can learn a few words.
  • Amazon Parrots – the bright, large, talkative birds that are common pets. Very entertaining and intelligent and feed off of attention. Because of their intelligence, these birds require a lot of attention, socialization, and intellectual stimulation. They also require a fair amount of exercise. 
  • Lovebirds – playful and active. Thrive on attention and socialization and love to be handled and carried around. Very affectionate and not too noisy. 
  • African Grays - very intelligent birds that can learn a variety of words and sentences. They can become very social but often choose one person to bond to. These birds need lots of attention and activities to do; otherwise, they can become bored and may start plucking their feathers.
  • Macaws - these large birds are beautiful, intelligent, and require a lot of care. They need lots of attention and exercise. Macaws can be very messy, destructive, and expensive to buy and own. They need to be socialized daily.
  • Cockatoos - these beautiful white birds are known for their sweetness and cuddliness. Some can talk quite a bit but the larger birds are can be extremely loud and their beaks can be destructive on furniture. They need lots of cage space and things to do.



An important thing to consider before purchasing your pet bird is cage size. Whether your future pet is large or small, all birds enjoy the flexibility of a large cage. Extra space allows smaller birds to exercise within their containment. Larger birds need even larger cages; some very large birds, such as parrots will even require a space outside of their cage like a stand or play gym for extra entertainment.

What do birds eat?

A bird’s diet differs depending on the species. Some birds eat seed while others eat nectar and fruit. The following list includes the various foods a bird might eat: 

  • Fresh greens.
  • Fruit. 
  • Grains. 
  • Nectar. 
  • Pellets. 
  • Sprouted seeds.


Different types of birds have different socialization needs. Companion birds view your family as their flock and long to be near family activity at all times, while solitary birds prefer to be left alone. Some species will screech for attention, others will sing only at specific times throughout the day. For future bird owners who aren’t able or willing to take their pet out of the cage for a minimum of two hours per day to socialize, a Finch or Canary might be best. Birds that have a hookbill, such as a Parrot, long for daily interaction and exercise, so a pet owner willing to handle their bird is necessary.

Our veterinary facility wishes all pet owners success in choosing their pet. If you have any questions about bird ownership, please feel free to contact our office at (207) 873-4668.


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